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Via Trapani,4,
91027 Paceco TP

info@firriato.it

+39  0923 882755

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Precision Viticolture
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Precision Viticolture

Six viticultural estates located is so different pedoclimatic contexts, all managed according to a single production philosophy devoted to the knowledge of what comes into being; quality and environmental sustainability above all. For each season, viticultural decision process has a positive effect on nature, minimizing the impact of man. No choice is left to chance. The application of the sustainability criteria is transformed into a deep knowledge of the environments. Precision viticulture is the application of precision agriculture in the vineyard. This site-specific vineyard management maximizes the administration and production of each plant, accompanying the winemaker in all phases of his activity.

Precision Viticolture

Six viticultural estates located is so different pedoclimatic contexts, all managed according to a single production philosophy devoted to the knowledge of what comes into being; quality and environmental sustainability above all. For each season, viticultural decision process has a positive effect on nature, minimizing the impact of man. No choice is left to chance. The application of the sustainability criteria is transformed into a deep knowledge of the environments. Precision viticulture is the application of precision agriculture in the vineyard. This site-specific vineyard management maximizes the administration and production of each plant, accompanying the winemaker in all phases of his activity.

Precision viticulture = Environmental sustainability

Precision viticulture and its positive impacts on the environment start from the beginning, from the birth of the vineyard and are perpetuated throughout its life cycle. The careful choice of the sites and varieties to be planted, evaluating, for example, the susceptibility of the variety to attacks of powdery mildew, to be cultivated in soils with reduced fertility and poor conditions of relative humidity has determined the reduction of the vigor of the plants; the reduction of the persistence times of water in the bunches, and ultimately the quality of treatments to be applied.

Precision viticulture = Environmental sustainability

Precision viticulture and its positive impacts on the environment start from from the birth of the vineyard. Precision viticulture means making a series of choices operational, such as the careful choice of sites and varieties to be planted, evaluating the susceptibility of the variety to powdery mildew attacks, to be cultivated in soils with reduced fertility and poor relative humidity conditions has determined the reduction of plant vigor; the reduction of the persistence times of water in the bunches, and ultimately, the quality of treatments to be applied.

What, Why, How, Where, When

Grape variety
 

It is perhaps the most important choice when it comes to environmental sustainability. The susceptibility of a vine to diseases or phytosanitary problems could turn into an exponential increase in human intervention, which translates into greater emissions and more treatments. This is a fundamental choice for us, the aspects of the vines are carefully studied before the choice of what to plant and where.

Pedology
 

The types of soil are a fundamental part of environmental sustainability, the variables are many, but just think of the different degree of vigor that they can induce in the vine. Here the “where” to plant is a fundamental key.

Microclimate
 

Moisture, wind, average temperature and many other variables that affect the life of the vineyard and its need to remain self-consistent over time. For some vines, in certain periods of the year, a slight more percentage of moisture can jeopardize plant, exposing vine to diseases. The correct and sustainable choice of the microclimate can significantly reduce human intervention.

Geomorphology
 

Altitude, hollows, arrangement and row orientations are fundamental variables for precision viticulture. For example, think of a hollow that can maintain high relative moisture conditions at certain times of the year, or the orientation of the rows that allows optimal conditions of solar radiation or passage of air between the leaves. Effects that significantly improve the vine / man ratio as well as reducing any intervention.

What, Why, How, Where, When

vitigno-h
Grape variety
vitigno
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It is perhaps the most important choice when it comes to environmental sustainability. The susceptibility of a vine to diseases or phytosanitary problems could turn into an exponential increase in human intervention, which translates into greater emissions and more treatments. This is a fundamental choice for us, the aspects of the vines are carefully studied before the choice of what to plant and where.

Pedologia-h
Pedology
Pedologia
Close

The types of soil are a fundamental part of environmental sustainability, the variables are many, but just think of the different degree of vigor that they can induce in the vine. Here the “where” to plant is a fundamental key.

Microclima-h
Microclimate
Microclima
Close

Moisture, wind, average temperature and many other variables that affect the life of the vineyard and its need to remain self-consistent over time. For some vines, in certain periods of the year, a slight more percentage of moisture can jeopardize plant, exposing vine to diseases. The correct and sustainable choice of the microclimate can significantly reduce human intervention.

Geomorfologia-h
Geomorphology
Geomorfologia
Close

Altitude, hollows, arrangement and row orientations are fundamental variables for precision viticulture. For example, think of a hollow that can maintain high relative moisture conditions at certain times of the year, or the orientation of the rows that allows optimal conditions of solar radiation or passage of air between the leaves. Effects that significantly improve the vine / man ratio as well as reducing any intervention.

The agronomic year: Precision and Sustainability

The positive effects of precision viticulture on environmental sustainability are an integral part of Firriato’s production philosophy throughout the life cycle of the agronomic year, from the choices in the soil processing phase, to pruning, the true heart of the year, up to green harvest managerment and grape harvest. The resulti is the minimization of external inputs, such as treatments, use of tractors, etc., but also the use of water resources for irrigation.

The environmental sustainable vintage

Grassing and Cover crop
Spontaneous grassing are fundamental strategies for regulating the need for nitrogen and organic matter in the soil through spontaneous grassing, which also protect biodiversity and carried out through the sowing of species. The choice of the latter is essential together with the sowing time. The effects are manifold, thanks to these techniques the external contributions (fertilization) are eliminated, the vineyard becomes self-consistent and thanks to the regulation of the vigor of the essences, excessive radical competition in the use of soil water resources is avoided. The positive results are the exclusion of fertilizations, the protection of soil fertility and the preservation of the water resource on the ground which will turn into no need for irrigation in the summer months.
Pruning
Winter and spring pruning is useful to manage fertility and vigor of the plant. Precision viticulture requires we bury, (we do not burn), the residual pruned wood. This is the waycarbon is fixed into the soil allowing us to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as increasing the organic substance of the soil protecting the soil fertility. In addition, we regulate vigor and fertility of the plant, guaranteeing both a better phytosanitary response. Finally we achieve both less treatments and a more correct vegetative balance (therefore only emergency irrigation is needed, less water resources used.
Phytosanitary treatments
Despite being in a certified organic farming regime, we must use natural derivatives to protect our grapes. Here the value is based on constant monitoring and the policy of interventions only if necessary. Treatments are carried out according to the correct time frame along with vine requirements. Following nature we can avoid treatments, produce less greenhouse gases, achieve less environmental impact caused by pesticides as well as ensuring the health of our grapes.
Grape Harvest
Every variety is characterised by different maturation period. Actually Planned grape harvest allow us to better manage the winemaking priorities, with a substantial reduction in the energy used which results in lower emissions.

The environmental sustainable vintage

1-h
Grassing and Cover crop
1
Close

Spontaneous grassing are fundamental strategies for regulating the need for nitrogen and organic matter in the soil through spontaneous grassing, which also protect biodiversity and carried out through the sowing of species. The choice of the latter is essential together with the sowing time. The effects are manifold, thanks to these techniques the external contributions (fertilization) are eliminated, the vineyard becomes self-consistent and thanks to the regulation of the vigor of the essences, excessive radical competition in the use of soil water resources is avoided. The positive results are the exclusion of fertilizations, the protection of soil fertility and the preservation of the water resource on the ground which will turn into no need for irrigation in the summer months.

2-h
Pruning
2
Close

Winter and spring pruning is useful to manage fertility and vigor of the plant. Precision viticulture requires we bury, (we do not burn), the residual pruned wood. This is the waycarbon is fixed into the soil allowing us to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as increasing the organic substance of the soil protecting the soil fertility. In addition, we regulate vigor and fertility of the plant, guaranteeing both a better phytosanitary response. Finally we achieve both less treatments and a more correct vegetative balance (therefore only emergency irrigation is needed, less water resources used).

3-h
Phytosanitary treatments
3
Close

Despite being in a certified organic farming regime, we must use natural derivatives to protect our grapes. Here the value is based on constant monitoring and the policy of interventions only if necessary. Treatments are carried out according to the correct time frame along with vine requirements. Following nature we can avoid treatments, produce less greenhouse gases, achieve less environmental impact caused by pesticides as well as ensuring the health of our grapes.

4-h
Grape Harvest
4
Close

Every variety is characterised by different maturation period. Actually Planned grape harvest allow us to better manage the winemaking priorities, with a substantial reduction in the energy used which results in lower emissions.

Results

002-plant-1
0 1
%

Use of nitrogen fertilizers

001-globe
-
0 50
%

Reduction of proactive interventions compared to the Sicilian average

010-leaves
-
0 30
%

Greenhouse gas emissions due to the reduction of unnecessary activities in the vineyard

acqua
-
0 75
%

Of water used in the vineyard compared to the Sicilian average

Technology and innovation

Precision Viticulture approach includes the use of a range of tools and technologies allowing us company to be more informed and targeted management decisions in the vineyard. This process involves the recongnition of the productivity step of the vineyards, as well as the blocks within the vineyards, can be intrinsically variable within the same vineyard parcel. Therefore, the management of the vineyards is addressed to "areas" with similar performance.

Precision Viticulture approach includes the use of a range of tools and technologies allowing us company to be more informed and targeted management decisions in the vineyard. This process involves the recongnition of the productivity step of the vineyards, as well as the blocks within the vineyards, can be intrinsically variable within the same vineyard parcel. Therefore, the management of the vineyards is addressed to "areas" with similar performance.

Linked to traditio: our heroes

As precise as a sensor may be, nothing will be more efficient than those who saw it born in that vineyard and know every aspect of it, plant by plant, palm by palm of soil. Thanks to our “heroes” precision viticulture process ends, they are the ones who take our decisions and, with their “caresses” to the vineyard, guarantee us, year after year, that environmental sustainability finds its results.

As precise as a sensor may be, nothing will be more efficient than those who saw it born in that vineyard and know every aspect of it, plant by plant, palm by palm of soil. Thanks to our “heroes” precision viticulture process ends, they are the ones who take our decisions and, with their “caresses” to the vineyard, guarantee us, year after year, that environmental sustainability finds its results.

Tools

Identify areas within blocks with similar (or different) growth characteristics of individual plants.

Quantify the way in which these areas (or zones) behave within a vineyard during the year.

Use the information (or data) to understand the reasons for differences in performance.

Make better management decisions with the aim of reducing production costs and increasing efficiency.

Identify areas within blocks with similar (or different) growth characteristics of individual plants.

Quantify the way in which these areas (or zones) behave within a vineyard during the year.

Use the information (or data) to understand the reasons for differences in performance.

Make better management decisions with the aim of reducing production costs and increasing efficiency.
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