Contacts

Via Trapani,4,
91027 Paceco TP

info@firriato.it

+39  0923 882755

Precision Viticolture

Six estates so different in terms of soil and climatic contexts, yet governed by a single production philosophy devoted to the knowledge of what arises; this translates into quality, but above all in environmental sustainability. For each phase of the year, the choices made have a positive result on nature, minimizing the intervention, but above all the impact of man. No choice is left to chance. The application of the principles of sustainability turns into a deep knowledge of the environments in which it is grown, in the relationships that exist between the environment and the vineyard and finally in the deep knowledge of the variability of the vineyard. This last aspect, which is defined as “precision viticulture”, is expressed in the application of choices to the plant and in the management phase which lead to a system capable of minimizing energy and external material inputs, that is human intervention.

Precision Viticolture

Six estates so different in terms of soil and climatic contexts, yet governed by a single production philosophy devoted to the knowledge of what arises; this translates into quality, but above all in environmental sustainability. For each phase of the year, the choices made have a positive result on nature, minimizing the intervention, but above all the impact of man. No choice is left to chance. The application of the principles of sustainability turns into a deep knowledge of the environments in which it is grown, in the relationships that exist between the environment and the vineyard and finally in the deep knowledge of the variability of the vineyard. This last aspect, which is defined as “precision viticulture”, is expressed in the application of choices to the plant and in the management phase which lead to a system capable of minimizing energy and external material inputs, that is human intervention.

Precision means environmental sustainability

Precision viticulture and its positive impacts on the environment start from the beginning, from the birth of the vineyard and are perpetuated throughout its life cycle. The careful choice of the sites and varieties to be planted, evaluating, for example, the susceptibility of the variety to attacks of powdery mildew, to be cultivated in soils with reduced fertility and poor conditions of relative humidity has determined the reduction of the vigor of the plants; the reduction of the persistence times of water in the bunches, and ultimately the quality of treatments to be applied.

Precision means environmental sustainability

Precision viticulture and its positive impacts on the environment start from the beginning, from the birth of the vineyard and are perpetuated throughout its life cycle. The careful choice of the sites and varieties to be planted, evaluating, for example, the susceptibility of the variety to attacks of powdery mildew, to be cultivated in soils with reduced fertility and poor conditions of relative humidity has determined the reduction of the vigor of the plants; the reduction of the persistence times of water in the bunches, and ultimately the quality of treatments to be applied.

What, Where, Why, How, When

Vine

 

It is perhaps the most important choice when it comes to environmental sustainability. The susceptibility of a vine to diseases or phytosanitary problems could turn into an exponential increase in human intervention, which translates into greater emissions and greater treatments. This is a fundamental choice for us, the aspects of the vines are carefully studied before choosing what to plant and where.

Pedology

 

In Sicily it is said that “the earth goes hand by hand”, that is, every palm of the hand the types of soil can change. The types of soil are a fundamental part of environmental sustainability, the variables are many, but just think of the different degree of vigor that they can induce in the vine for the same grape variety. Here the “where” to plant is fundamental, this choice will make the vineyard lifelong

Microclima

 

Humidity, wind, average temperature and many other variables that affect the life of the vineyard and its need to remain self-consistent over time. For some vines, in some periods of the year, a percentage of humidity above a threshold means susceptibility to contract pathologies. It goes without saying that a correct choice of the microclimate can significantly decrease the intervention of man in favor of environmental sustainability.

Geomorphology

 

Altimetry, dips, arrangement and orientation of the rows are fundamental variables for precision viticulture. Consider, for example, a depression that can maintain high relative humidity conditions at certain times of the year, or the orientation of the rows that allows optimal conditions of solar radiation or the passage of air between the leaves. Effects that significantly improve the vine / man interaction, consistently decreasing the need for intervention

What, Where, Why, How, When

vitigno-h
Vine
vitigno
Close

It is perhaps the most important choice when it comes to environmental sustainability. The susceptibility of a vine to diseases or phytosanitary problems could turn into an exponential increase in human intervention, which translates into greater emissions and greater treatments. This is a fundamental choice for us, the aspects of the vines are carefully studied before choosing what to plant and where.

Pedologia-h
Pedology
Pedologia
Close

In Sicily it is said that “the earth goes hand by hand”, that is, every palm of the hand the types of soil can change. The types of soil are a fundamental part of environmental sustainability, the variables are many, but just think of the different degree of vigor that they can induce in the vine for the same grape variety. Here the “where” to plant is fundamental, this choice will make the vineyard lifelong

Microclima-h
Microclima
Microclima
Close

Humidity, wind, average temperature and many other variables that affect the life of the vineyard and its need to remain self-consistent over time. For some vines, in some periods of the year, a percentage of humidity above a threshold means susceptibility to contract pathologies. It goes without saying that a correct choice of the microclimate can significantly decrease the intervention of man in favor of environmental sustainability.

Geomorfologia-h
Geomorphology
Geomorfologia
Close

Altimetry, dips, arrangement and orientation of the rows are fundamental variables for precision viticulture. Consider, for example, a depression that can maintain high relative humidity conditions at certain times of the year, or the orientation of the rows that allows optimal conditions of solar radiation or the passage of air between the leaves. Effects that significantly improve the vine / man interaction, consistently decreasing the need for intervention

The agronomic vintage: Precision and Sustainability

The positive effects of precision viticulture on environmental sustainability are an integral part of Firriato’s production philosophy throughout the life cycle of the agronomic vintage, from the choices during the soil processing phase, to pruning, the true heart of the vintage, to management in green and at the harvest. This translates into the minimization of external contributions, such as treatments, use of tractors etc, but also use of water resources for irrigation.

The environmental sustainable vintage

Turf & Green manure

Spontaneous grassing is fundamental, strategies for regulating the need for nitrogen and organic matter on the soil through spontaneous grassing, which also protect biodiversity and are carried out through the sowing of essences. The choice of the latter is fundamental together with the time of sowing. The effects are manifold, thanks to these techniques the external contributions (fertilizations) are eliminated, the vineyard becomes self-consistent and thanks to the regulation of the vigor of the essences an excessive radical competition in the use of soil water resources is avoided. The positive results are the exclusion of fertilizers, the protection of soil fertility and the protection of water resources on the soil which will turn into the need for irrigation in the summer months.

Pruning

With these agronomic practices, both winter and spring, the fertility and vigor of the plant are managed. In precision viticulture the following results are obtained in terms of environmental sustainability: We bury, do not burn, the residual pruning wood, this translates into fixing carbon to the soil and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the organic substance of the soil, protecting the its fertility. In addition, we regulate the vigor and fertility of the plant, ensuring both a better phytosanitary response (therefore less treatments), and a more correct vegetative balance (therefore only emergency irrigation is needed, less water resources used)

Phytosanitary treatments

Despite being in certified organic farming, we must intervene with natural derivatives to protect our grapes. Here the value is based on constant monitoring and the policy of interventions only if necessary. The treatments are carried out where and when there is receptivity, based on times, places and cultivars, guaranteeing the priority of intervention. This translates into fewer treatments, less greenhouse gases emitted, less environmental impact from pesticides, while ensuring the health of our grapes

Grape Harvest

The planned and differentiated harvest in ripening periods according to the grape variety gives us the possibility to almost totally cancel the intervention in the cellar on grapes and musts due, for example, to problems of ripening, and to better manage the winemaking priorities, with a substantial reduction in the energy used which takes the form of lower emissions.

The environmental sustainable vintage

1-h
Turf & Green manure
1
Close

Spontaneous grassing is fundamental, strategies for regulating the need for nitrogen and organic matter on the soil through spontaneous grassing, which also protect biodiversity and are carried out through the sowing of essences. The choice of the latter is fundamental together with the time of sowing. The effects are manifold, thanks to these techniques the external contributions (fertilizations) are eliminated, the vineyard becomes self-consistent and thanks to the regulation of the vigor of the essences an excessive radical competition in the use of soil water resources is avoided. The positive results are the exclusion of fertilizers, the protection of soil fertility and the protection of water resources on the soil which will turn into the need for irrigation in the summer months.

2-h
Pruning
2
Close

With these agronomic practices, both winter and spring, the fertility and vigor of the plant are managed. In precision viticulture the following results are obtained in terms of environmental sustainability: We bury, do not burn, the residual pruning wood, this translates into fixing carbon to the soil and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the organic substance of the soil, protecting the its fertility. In addition, we regulate the vigor and fertility of the plant, ensuring both a better phytosanitary response (therefore less treatments), and a more correct vegetative balance (therefore only emergency irrigation is needed, less water resources used)

3-h
Phytosanitary treatments
3
Close

Despite being in certified organic farming, we must intervene with natural derivatives to protect our grapes. Here the value is based on constant monitoring and the policy of interventions only if necessary. The treatments are carried out where and when there is receptivity, based on times, places and cultivars, guaranteeing the priority of intervention. This translates into fewer treatments, less greenhouse gases emitted, less environmental impact from pesticides, while ensuring the health of our grapes

4-h
Grape Harvest
4
Close

The planned and differentiated harvest in ripening periods according to the grape variety gives us the possibility to almost totally cancel the intervention in the cellar on grapes and musts due, for example, to problems of ripening, and to better manage the winemaking priorities, with a substantial reduction in the energy used which takes the form of lower emissions.

Results

002-plant-1
0 1
%

Use of nitrogen fertilizers

001-globe
-
0 50
%

Reduction of proactive interventions compared to the Sicilian average

010-leaves
-
0 30
%

Greenhouse gas emissions due to reduction of unnecessary activities in the vineyard

acqua
-
0 75
%

Of water used in the vineyard compared to the Sicilian average

Tecnology & Innovation

The term "precision viticulture" includes the use of a range of tools and technologies that allow the company to make more informed and targeted management decisions in the vineyard. It is an approach to production that recognizes that the productivity of the vineyards, as well as the blocks within the vineyards, it can be intrinsically variable within the same vineyard parcel. Therefore, the management of the vineyards is addressed to "areas" with similar performances.

The term "precision viticulture" includes the use of a range of tools and technologies that allow the company to make more informed and targeted management decisions in the vineyard. It is an approach to production that recognizes that the productivity of the vineyards, as well as the blocks within the vineyards, it can be intrinsically variable within the same vineyard parcel. Therefore, the management of the vineyards is addressed to "areas" with similar performances.

We strive for tradition:
our heroes

No matter how precise a sensor can be, nothing will be more efficient than those who saw that vineyard born and know every aspect of it, plant by plant, palm by palm. Thanks to our “heroes” the process of precision viticulture ends, they are the ones who put our decisions into play and, with their “caresses” to the vineyard, they guarantee us, year after year, that environmental sustainability finds its results .

No matter how precise a sensor can be, nothing will be more efficient than those who saw that vineyard born and know every aspect of it, plant by plant, palm by palm. Thanks to our “heroes” the process of precision viticulture ends, they are the ones who put our decisions into play and, with their “caresses” to the vineyard, they guarantee us, year after year, that environmental sustainability finds its results .

Instruments

Identify areas within blocks with similar (or different) growth characteristics of individual plants.

Quantify the way in which these areas (or areas) behave within a vineyard during the year.


Use information (or data) to understand the reasons for differences in performance.

Make better management decisions with the aim of reducing production costs and increasing efficiency.

Identify areas within blocks with similar (or different) growth characteristics of individual plants.

Quantify the way in which these areas (or areas) behave within a vineyard during the year.

Use information (or data) to understand the reasons for differences in performance.

Make better management decisions with the aim of reducing production costs and increasing efficiency.